US NAVY FACT FILE Aircraft Carriers CV-20 USS Bennington

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The last strike of the cruise was against Okinawa, on 22 January.

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The mission was primarily photographic, and there were very few respectable strafing or bombing targets. A few luggers and fishing boats were fired by strafing, several old looking planes bombed, rocketed, and strafed on Yontan, and Le Shima fields, and various buildings and trucks destroyed.

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But in general the day was unproductive and uneventful. Machinato and Yonabaru fields assigned to Hornet, were completely negative. The target also clouded up in the afternoon, and photographic results were impaired. The Okinawa strike ended offensive air operations for the cruise. It has been a long and intense period for the Air Group, made more difficult by continuous bad weather. All hands were ready to return to Ulithi for replenishment, which was ordered on 23 January.

A mix of Hellcats.

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National Naval Aviation Museum, photo Robert L. Lawson Photograph Collection. This included participation in a raid that destroyed an entire Japanese convoy in Ormoc Bay. The battles resulted from Japanese operations to reinforce and resupply their forces on Leyte and U. After the Battles at Leyte Gulf in late October, the Japanese commander in the Philippines, General Tomoyuki Yamashita, believed that the United States Navy had suffered severe casualties and that the Allied land forces might be vulnerable.

Accordingly, he began to reinforce and resupply the garrisons on Leyte. The Japanese ran nine convoys to the island, landing around 34, troops from the 1st, 8th, 26th, 30th, and nd divisions. Ormoc City at the head of Ormoc Bay on the west side of Leyte was the main port on the island and the main destination of the convoys.

Decryption of messages sent using the PURPLE cipher alerted the Allies to the concentration of Japanese shipping around Leyte, but they initially interpreted this as an evacuation. However, by the first week of November the picture was clear, and the Allies began to interdict the convoys. The machine was an electromechanical stepping-switch device.

The information gained from decryption was eventually code-named Magic within the US government. At the end of World War II, the Japanese destroyed nearly all of their code machines, and very few parts exist today.

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The convoys were spaced one day apart so that the destroyers escorting the first convoy could double back and escort the second. However, the convoys were spotted on November 9 and attacked by land-based aircraft of the Fifth Air Force. Battle of Ormac Bay. Reaching the convoy just before noon, the Bs attacked at minimum altitude in pairs, sinking the two largest transports, disabling a third, and sinking two of the patrol craft escorts, at a cost of seven bombers, for which the group was awarded the Distinguished Unit Citation. On 11 November, U. Halsey ordered an attack by planes of Task Force 38 on the combined convoys.

Admiral William F. DD Shimakaze — off Leyte 11 November Navy aircraft sank the destroyers Hamanami, Naganami, Shimakaze, and Wakatsuki and all the transports of a convoy 80 km north-east of Cebu, Philippines Of the six transports, five were sunk by air attack. Two transports escorted by three patrol vessels left Manila on 27 November. They were attacked by American PT boats in Ormoc Bay on the night of 28 November and by air attack as the survivors left the area. Crew of PT Another U. A convoy of three transports departed Manila on 1 December, escorted by destroyers Take and Kuwa under the command of Lieutenant Commander Masamichi Yamashita.

The convoy was docked at Ormoc City when it was engaged at on 3 December by three ships of U. Zahm Allen M. Sumner , Cooper and Moale. It was one of the most widely used seaplanes of World War II. Catalinas served with every branch of the United States Armed Forces and in the air forces and navies of many other nations. At , the two surviving U. This phase of the Battle of Ormoc Bay has gone down in history as the only naval engagement during the war in which the enemy brought to bear every type of weapon: naval gunnery, air attack, submarine attack, shore gunnery and mines.

Major General A. Bruce standing during World War II. Bruce, made an amphibious landing at Albuera, 3. All five transports of convoy TA-8 were sunk on 7 December by air attack, and the escorting destroyers Ume and Sugi were damaged. Imperial Japanese Navy destroyer Yuzuki. Imperial Japanese Navy destroyer Uzuki, the second Japanese warship to bear that name. By fighting this series of engagements in Ormoc Bay, the U.

Navy was eventually able to prevent the Japanese from further resupplying and reinforcing their troops on Leyte, contributing significantly to the victory in the land battle. The final tally of ships lost in Ormoc Bay is: U. Historian Irwin J. Kappes argued that naval historians have unjustly neglected the importance of these engagements, writing:.

And because of poor weather conditions air support for most of these surface actions was almost non-existent. I should have included the following photograph in my posts about October Note the forward antenna masts half way up. Nov-Dec — Shipping and land strikes in the Philippine area, support of the Mindoro invasion. Third Fleet aircraft carriers at anchor in Ulithi Atoll, 8 December , during a break from operations in the Philippines area. Wasp, Yorktown and Ticonderoga are all painted in camouflage Measure 33, Design 10a.

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Photographed from a USS Ticonderoga plane. Doyle 9 August — 1 August Strikes made in support of Mindoro Invasion. The ship got underway on 10 December from Ulithi. The ,th mile-stone was passed on December 13, Foul weather soon cancelled other operations and the ship returned to Ulithi on December 24, This brief and unexpected respite from the strain of combat over the Christmas holidays was deeply enjoyed by all hands. Five days later, however, the breathing spell was over, and the ship weighed anchor once again. There was no significant opposition from the Imperial Japanese Navy, nor from the Japanese Army and Navy Air Forces, except for kamikaze suicide attacks on American ships.

The Japanese force in Mindoro was not large, and was eliminated in three days. The Army was assisted in the campaign by guerrillas from the local Filipino population. A propaganda poster depicts the Philippine resistance movement during the first year of Japanese occupation. Following the fall of Corregidor on May 6, , the Philippine guerrilla movement provided valuable behind the lines intelligence reports to Allied strategists, as well as ambushing the occupying Japanese forces.

The U. Ground-based fighter cover was necessary for this operation. Mindoro could also serve as the advanced base for U. For the invasion of Luzon, U. S forces needed air bases that were closer to the northern island than Leyte Island. Mindoro was the logical choice. Located not too far south of Luzon, and being about one-half the size of New Jersey, Mindoro is mostly covered by hills and mountains, with a few narrow plains along its seacoasts. Almost daily rains and high humidity, caused by clouds moving up from the south trapped by the high peaks made it a breeding ground for malaria and other tropical diseases.

However, Japanese defenses on the island were minimal. The airfields recently constructed at Leyte were deemed unreliable, so potential additional airfields in Mindoro appealed to General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, the commanding general of this theater of operations. But taking Mindoro was a daunting task. The northeastern coast was best suited for amphibious landings, but was exposed to what was left of Japanese air power on Luzon, so this was ruled out.

Modern day photograph of Southwestern Mindoro Island, Philippines. Krueger, in turn, gave the task to Major General Roscoe B. Jones to spearhead the assault. George M. Jones as a Colonel during the Philippines Campaign — The main threat to the amphibious assault vessels and supporting warships was land-based Japanese kamikaze planes. The Japanese had begun the deadly practice as a desperate measure during the final stages of the Battle of Leyte and widened its use by December On 13 December , two days before the scheduled assault on the island, kamikazes struck at the Navy task force bringing the landing force.

Brigadier General William C. Dunkel, the commander of the landing force, was among the injured. On December 15, , the invasion of Mindoro began. The clear weather allowed the full use of American air and naval power, including six escort carriers, three battleships, six cruisers and many other support warships against light Japanese resistance.

US NAVY FACT FILE Aircraft Carriers CV-20 USS Bennington US NAVY FACT FILE Aircraft Carriers CV-20 USS Bennington
US NAVY FACT FILE Aircraft Carriers CV-20 USS Bennington US NAVY FACT FILE Aircraft Carriers CV-20 USS Bennington
US NAVY FACT FILE Aircraft Carriers CV-20 USS Bennington US NAVY FACT FILE Aircraft Carriers CV-20 USS Bennington
US NAVY FACT FILE Aircraft Carriers CV-20 USS Bennington US NAVY FACT FILE Aircraft Carriers CV-20 USS Bennington
US NAVY FACT FILE Aircraft Carriers CV-20 USS Bennington US NAVY FACT FILE Aircraft Carriers CV-20 USS Bennington

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